The sources of resistance against aphids and thrips in cowpea, were received from the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (UTA), Nigeria, and information on their reaction to these insects under field conditions has been discussed. Cornicles are bro, very long and slender. Pests of Jackfruit. Rot is more likely to occur in high-rainfall areas or during and after stormy periods. Photo 3. Work on development of less susceptible or tolerant crop varieties has been initiated at the National Dryland Farming Research Station (NDFRS) at Katumani. It results in drying of terminal shoots, yellowing and curling of, leaves, and the tree becomes weak. can be controlled by dusting with carbaryl 1.5D (Jeyaraj and Ananthan M, plant species. (Swami etal. In case of, The bugs are 15mm long, with blunt red head and prominent eyes which resemble, a frog and known as frog hoppers. All content in this area was uploaded by Gundappa Baradevanal on Jul 20, 2020, © Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018,, ICAR-Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow, M.BalajiRajkumar, B.Gundappa, ManishMani, (Boyer de Fonscolombe) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), known as ‘wonder’ fruit. Look for the grey fungal growth, turning black as the spores develop. In summer its life c, and it is depending on weather condition (Srivastav, The female punctures the outer wall of the mature fruits with the help of its pointed. A second, spray should be done 15–20days after rst spray, if necessary (Karim, inside tender buds, shoots and fruits. Collect and destroy the egg clusters in the month of May–June, on the bark, and spraying of 0.05% dichlorvos on the trunks after removing the gal-, leries can also be done. Jackfruit Plantation Guide. Application of wood ash or co, dung ash is one of the cultural practices which desiccate them to die. Alam MZ (1962) Insect and mite pests of fruit and fruit trees in East Pakistan and their control. They feed on, the sap by scrapping the leaf tissues. Severe infestation causes drying and withering of affected, highly polyphagous pest, attacks more than 30 families of tropical and subtropical. which protects the bug from enemies. as well as the type of pest. tation, spraying of spinosad 45%SC at 1ml/5l of water is recommended. A field experiment was conducted to study the response of cultivars/ hybrids/ germplasm of brinjal to major insect pests and their natural enemies. Philaris is the most dominant pest in Japan and ecological studies as well as its control measures have been made (Iba, 1993; Ishii et al., 1963, 1964; Kawakami and Shimane, 1986). Guerin, mealybug, Coccidohystrix insolitus Green, aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover, leafhopper, Amrasca devastans Ishida and whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) recording 8.0, 0.0, 6.5, 6.3, 0.0 and 0.0 nos./ three leaves, respectively. Emergence and development behavior of sunflower accessions evaluated for stem weevil and sunflower moth resistance is expected to be similar to that of Hybrid 894, though additional effects of photoperiod may modify the timing of reproductive development. If the concern is only to protect the fruit in storage, spray once 10 days before harvest. The larva bores into the trunk or branches, usually at forks or angles, to a depth of, 15–25cm. Jackfruit is being con-, sumed as vegetable or fruit. Remove and destroy the af, Application of recommended dose of fertilizers and sufcient irrigation supports tol. A large number of parasites, predators and pathogens are very active against pests of jackfruit. 38 species of insect pests are known to attack jackfruit. Probe the galleries and insert an iron spike into the bore, hole to kill the larva. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) species on Economically Important Fruit Crops in Sri Lanka. Jackfruit, Artocarpus heterophyllus (Moraceae), as source of food and income. The cauda is nger-shaped, blunt and slightly constricted. grease on lower end of alkathene band to trap the ascending nymphs. Use of chemical control in the semi-arid areas is expensive and beyond the reach of the small-scale farmers. Probably a minor disease of little economic impact on jackfruit. ), an evergreen and widely cultivated fruit crop of tropical and subtropical regions, is attacked by about 400 insect and mite pests. The larva mines into the shoot or apical buds and feeds on internal content. Tandon PL (1998) Management of insect pests in tropical fruit crops. ics. Carner and P.A-C. Ooi 2012. It is oblong, green, and looks somewhat like durian, though jackfruit can be even larger. Indian JHort 34:313–315, Marshall GAK (1917) On new species of Indian Curculionidae. In the tropics and sub-tropics. (Series A, agricul-, Ghosh AB, Ghosh SK (1985) Effect of infestation of. The borer, is about 10mm. If a systemic product is used, alternate these with sprays of mancozeb. Rhizopus stolonifer; previous names are Mucor stolifer, Rhizopus artocarpi, Rhizopus nigricans. jackfruit site pests and diseases. This longicorn takes two types of hibernation, one in the egg and the other in the larval stages (Iba, 1993). It also attacks nursery plants by boring into the tender apical bud resulting in, Marshall is a small greyish weevil with stout fore femur and, is pale brownish green aphids feeding on lo, (Boyer de Fonscolombe) is a black citrus aphid, polyphagous on various, is a polyphagous pest, which has been recorded to feed on 71, single female lays up to 400–500 eggs as a mass in the soil. This book consolidates the research on pests of South and Southeast Asia, providing useful data for the establishment of sustainable pest management programs. The biochemical characters such as total sugars, total chlorophyll and moisture content were positively correlated with shoot damage while total phenols and ash content have negative correlation. larva feeds on the pulp of the fruits which appear normal from outside, later decay, Early harvesting of mature fruits to avoid infestation. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Large dark-bro, webby masses, comprising chewed wooden particles and faecal matter, spicuously seen plastered loosely on tree trunks or main branches, especially near, attack of pest. PhD thesis, University of Southampton, Butani DK (1979) Insects and fruits. They feed as a colony and severe de-sapping results in curling and shri, Collection and destruction of infected plant parts. The damage incidence is mostly visible during No, (female) long with yellowish green pubescence. Small white grub bores into tender bud and, with dark head and shiny short white setae, and it is feeding on leaves of the jack-, from the base to beyond the middle. mature females; legs yellowish brown; 18 pairs of short mar, present. Stand establishment was generally adequate for field evaluations, with emergence ratings of four (80%) or greater for most lines in most years. Shoot and fruit borer: Glyphodes caesalis (Walker), (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae); Spittle bugs: Cosmocarta relata Distant (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) Mealybug: … Hot water treatment at 48±1°C for. Black spore masses on top of long stalks (sporangiophores) of Rhizopus stolonifer. Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) production of lateral shoots (Khan etal. leaf margin with silken thread and remain inside. spikes. In general, jackfruit have few disease problems in south Florida. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. (Swami et al. (1) Jackfruit, pineapple, and starfruit from Malaysia must be treated for plant pests with irradiation in accordance with part 305 of this chapter. Photo 4. National Book Trust, New Delhi, 115pp. Pests of National Significance Insect pests. export of fruits to other countries (Srivasta, Ahmed KU, Rahman MM, Alam MZ, Hossain MM, Miah MG (2013) Evaluation of some control. Diseases (रोग), Fruits (फल), Jackfruit (कटहल), Pest and Diseases (फसलों के कीट एवं रोग) Major diseases of Jackfruit are:-. Jackfruit is a gargantuan green fruit — mature fruit can weigh up to 100 pounds — covered in tiny little spikes. and C, thiamine, riboavin, sodium, calcium, iron, zinc, niacin, etc. Guenée A (1854) Deltoïdes et Pyralites in Boisduval & Guenée, Histoire naturelle des insectes; spécies général des lépidoptères, 9(8):293, No. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L. in Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, etc. Banding the tree trunk with 25 cm wide alkathene sheet (400 gauge) and, place it 30 cm above from the ground during second week of December. Do summer ploughing to expose. shoot and fruit borer, Glyphodes caesalis , bud wee vil In case of se. Insect pests are one of the main constraints in jackfruit production, and about 38 species of insect pests are known to attack jackfruit. It is also found to feed on. Indian Society of, Singh. Prune the trees so that air travels freely through the canopy and the fruit dries rapidly after rains. with 30mm wing span. The natural enemies of Jackfruit insect pests can be divided into 3 categories 1. parasitoids; 2. predators; and 3. pathogens. jackfruit brisbane local food. India is the leading producer of jackfruit with an aver, age production of 1436 thousand tonnes and holds 900 germplasm collections, which is largest in the world followed by Bangladesh (AP, low caloric value, and it is a rich source of potassium. thion or deltamethrin in 1l of water, and splash three times at the base of main trunk, one feet above ground to attract and kill the ies. It is a pest of regional signicance and common in southern India. In the month of November–January, remove the entire web or galleries, and insert cotton swabs soaked with 10ml of, 0.05% dichlorvos 76 EC into the tunnel, and seal it with mud; this kills the larvae, almost 4–5cm length, lays eggs on the main trunk of relatively older trees between, May and December. The peak infestation is found during March at, Keep orchard clean. Research studies are underway to assist managers leading eradication and containment efforts. It, cycle. another species of weevil reported feeding on leaves of jackfruit from India, The grubs and adults feed on leaves, tender buds, shoots and fruits. Infections also occur at the stem end of fruits when they are harvested. methods against the jackfruit trunk borer, coleoptera). In most instances, management will not be required as the impact of the disease is low. Spray with neem oil, 1500ppm at 3ml/lit of water along with spreader and sticker. The full-grown larva is 1.5–2in. segmented antenna and their 3rd & 4th segments possess forked sensory cones. Trindade MB, Lopes JL, Soares-Costa A, et al. In the tropics and sub-tropics. stiff wire or closing hole with mud are some measures suggested for the control of. Adult lays eggs inside the leaf tissue from where the nymphs hatch. Reproductive development was also similar among lines with tolerance/resistance to stem weevil and sunflower moth, though reproductive development of PI 386230 was accelerated relative to Hybrid 894 and development of HIR 828-2 was delayed relative to Hybrid 894. Breeding for resistance against some of the major insects of cowpea and pigeon pea, Field screening of brinjal varities on major pests and their natural enemies, In book: Pests and Their Management (pp.587-602). for controlling the pest (Chatterjee etal. Larva bores a short tunnel, downwards in to the wood, usually at the junction of a dead branch or snag and the, hole. Sunflower yield potential, in the central US High Plains, may be limited by delayed planting to avoid stem weevil and sunflower moth infestations. In Korea, A. germari was reported as the most dominant pest of mulberry, but a few report have been made on its ecology (Paik, 1987; Kim et al., 1994). of jackfruit. ISBN 0854328394, Hua L (1982) A check list of the longicorn beetles of China. Rake the soil around the tree trunk, and apply chlorphyriphos dust 1.5% at, 250g per tree during the second week of December. Removal and destruction of affected shoots. © 1997, The Japanese Society of Sericultural Science. The emer, starts from April, and the maximum population is found during May–July, coincides with fruit maturity. It is reported from Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Niue, Samoa, and Solomon Islands shoot and fruit borer, Glyphodes caesalis, bud weevil Ochyromera artocarpi, mealy bugs Drosicha mangiferae, Nipaecoccus viridis, Planococcus lilacinus, spittle bugs, Cosmoscarta relata, Clovia lineaticollis, bark-eating caterpillar Indarbela tetraonis and trunk borers Aprioma germari and Bactrocera rufomaculata (Butani 1979; Alam et al. Resistance of sunflower germplasm to the sunflower stem weevil and red sunflower seed weevil and eva... Development and height characteristics of sunflower accessions evaluated for pest resistance. Matured larva, pupates inside the silken cocoon for the period of 7–12days. 2011). However, total loss of fruit and vegetables can occur if there are long periods of warm, rainy weather. The total life cycle takes about 2months. The fungus is common in the soil on plant debris, and also on many fruits (peach, strawberry) and vegetables after harvest, during transport and in storage. Spray quinalphos 0.05% or neem oil 0.03% at owering stage. Eggs: Pine spittlebugs overwinter as eggs … It causes varying degree of damage between 3–28% depend-, ing upon the climatic conditions. Lee SM (1987) Cerambycidae in Korea (in Korean). Eating jackfruit is like eating a delicious blend of pineapple, … A mass of excreta can be seen outside of the entry hole. recording the mean shoot and fruit damage of 8.0 and 8.7 per cent (number basis) and population of spotted leaf beetle. 32–34mm. All rights reserved. If, ow; they may fail to ush and drying of the branches occurs. It is widely cultiv, as poor man’s food in eastern and southern parts of India. JAust Entomol Soc 17:263–270, plantations. The adult lays. Ulcers. On jackfruit, it is a primary pathogen, affecting the fruits at all stages of development whereas, on most other fruits and vegetables, Rhizopus infects through wounds caused by insects and weather events, or through cracks caused by abnormal growth. avenue trees and ornamental trees (Ali etal. It is native to, is annual pest with one generation per year. prepupa and pupa. Egg: Females lay more eggs and develop faster during the flowering and fruiting period.            It is, belongs to Crambidae family of the order Lepidoptera. In fact, the jackfruit is the largest fruit that … The humid tropics are most favourable for the, The life cycle is completed in around 26–36, adult lays eggs on ower buds and young shoots. Larvae undergo six moults within 16–20days. The rotting occurs on the infested portion, Removal and destruction of the affected shoots, o, stage of attack reduce the infestation of the pest (T, alkathene bags reduces the infestation signicantly by preventing oviposition (Madhav, 50 EC at 2.0ml per litre of water at owering stage reduces the infestation. Karim MA (1995) Insect pests of fruits and their control in Bangladesh. The armoured body signicantly varied with host and en, female is pinkish to red, convex, longer than wide and with tw, of white bands that extend dorsally from the spiracular area. If the n, the tree, spray carbosulfan (0.05%) or dimethoate (0.06%) (Srivasta, andMargabandhu (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), Adult with reddish brown head and thorax and abdomen is yellow. The forewings are light oli, bore and eat below the bark. Among lines indicating sunflower moth tolerance or resistance, seven were considered mid- stature and three were tall-stature (greater than 7' or 2.1 m). In the Pacific islands, Rhizopus has been recorded on sweet potato, breadfruit, passionfruit, citrus (mandarin and tangerine), and eggplant. (new series) (96) Farming Bulletin 34, 18pp. The larva of, reported damaging on fruits from southern India (Meyrick, The desired level of control is seldom achiev, translocation of insecticides within trees (Poland and Mccullough, chronous larval development, both of which allo, Pruning of affected stem/branches and fumigation on main stem was recommended. Larva:... Spittle bugs. Accessions are expected to differ in stature, with a majority of lines considered mid-stature. JBombay Nat Hist Soc 34:1029–1040, and its biology and control. Worldwide. as a result the linear growth of affected shoots and petiole is hindered. In the field, warm, rainy days favour the disease, and high temperatures and humidities favour the disease in storage. Econ Bot 1980;34(2):154-159. Male flowers and fruit may be attacked by Rhizopus fruit rot ( Rhizopus artocarpi ) and fruit by gray mold ( Botrytis cinerea ). It covers the main arthropod pests of twenty five major crops, with colour photographs of their adult and immature stages, their distribution, biology, disease vectors, symptoms of the damage they cause and their natural enemies. Jackfruit, considered an exotic superfood, is a peculiar-looking fruit with a textured green exterior that conceals golden nuggets of flavour. Males’, length varies from 22 to 25mm while in females 32–34mm. The pupal period lasts about 3weeks. Agriculture plays a pivotal role in the economy of tropical Asia, but arthropod pests are major constraints to production. The mature larvae become brown with the similar black marks. There is an elongate dark fuscous, mark on the costa beyond the middle, preceded by an indistinct whitish dot and fol-, lowed by a shorter white elongate mark. Indian Forester 95:369–371, Commonwealth Institute of Entomology (1960) Distribution maps of pests. The bud weevil, Ochyromera artocarpi, is a specific pest of jackfruit. Similarly, transport the fruit with care. In pigeon pea, resistance against pod-sucking bug, which appear to be of the antibiosis type, has been identified in the early maturing group of the local germplasm. 298, Haq N (2006) Fruits for the future, jackfruit (, Underutilised Crops, Southampton, p192. Photo 3 Ellen Iramu, Honiara, Solomon Isalnds.Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community. Carry out hygiene measures: remove infected fruits of all ages from the trees and any that have fallen to the ground. Fights wrinkles: Dip jackfruit seed in some cold milk for a minute. The nymphs and adults suck the sap from tender twigs, shoots and leaves. Heavy losses in grain yield occur due to their vulnerability to a large number of insect pests in the field as well as damage by weevil during storage. is a largest tree-borne fruit, commonly known as ‘wonder’ fruit. study on major insect pests of fruits in nepal. ment. J Environ Sci 9(2):417–421. It is part of the Moraceae plant family, which also includes fig, mulberry and breadfruit. Biology of jackfruit shoot and fruit borer studied under laboratory and field condition indicated, the slight variation in the duration of developmental stages but no variations with respect to morphology of each … Symptom: The most of the die … It secretes spit-like frothy mass over the body. Swami SB, Thakor NJ, Haldankar PM, Kalse SB (2012) Jackfruit and its many functional compo-, nents as related to human health: a review. Survival occurs as thick-walled spores (black spore masses on top of long stalks (Photo 4), in the soil, on plant debris, and on seed. If environmental conditions are such that they favour the disease, do the following: CULTURAL CONTROLDuring growth: CHEMICAL CONTROLIf fungicides are required, apply a protectant product, e.g., mancozeb, or a systemic benzimidazole, e.g., thiophanate-methyl or a triazole, e.g., propiconazole. The larvae are green with black spots on thorax and also on the last abdominal seg-. Pests and thier control: Brown weevil: brown weevil and other pests … Manjunatha R, Mohan KR, Ganesha H (2014) Biology of jackfruit shoot and fruit borer, Mann GS, Bindra OS (1977) Field screening of different jujube cultivars against the bark eating, caterpillar. The use of jackfruit bulbs and its parts has also been reported since ancient times for their therapeutic qualities. Pupa is reddish brown. It also causes, reduction and crumbling of leaves (Ghosh and Ghosh, Ploughing of orchard during November–December exposes the egg masses to pred-, atory birds. Photo 1. Implications of breeding for insect resistance and pest management in the two crops are discussed. punctated and clothed with curved white setae. When frozen, the canned pulp keeps well for 2 years. Manjunath (2002) Insect pests of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllusL) with special reference to the biology and management of jack shoot and fruit borer, Diaphania caesalis(Walker) … The, stigmata is raised, black and ringed with white. This fact sheet is a part of the app Pacific Pests and Pathogens. Germplasm resistant to these pests could extend the growing season and yield potential-possibly up to 25%. The life cycle of this pest is annual. Adult moth is whitish bro, Adult moth lays eggs on apical buds or tender shoot on both the male and female. Like several other invasive forest pests, the EAB likely was introduced and became established in a highly urbanized setting, facilitated by international trade and abundant hosts. The infestation of this pest leads to signicant loss in size and weight. Pronotum coarsely reticulated and legs coarsely. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. In this article we will learn … There is a dark grey median streak from the base to the end of the cell. The female moths are pale brownish with forewings ha, dark rusty red spots. Leaf appearance values ranged from vegetative stage 4 to 8 at time of mid-vegetative observations, indicating similarity in emergence and vegetative development. The pupation occurs, inside or on surface of nearby fruit. The health benefits of jackfruit have been attributed to its wide range of physicochemical applications. In females, the abdomen has a tuft of hairs at its tip. Eggs are laid in clus-, ters of 15–20 directly on the bark of branch or bole. Fruit symptoms occur on the tree and in storage. The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), also known as jack tree, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family (). Quarantines in the United States and Canada restrict the movement of ash trees, logs, and firewood to prevent new introductions. Entomon 22(2):161–163, Mani M, Krishnamoorthy A (2008) Biological suppression of the mealybugs, Mani M, Thontadarya TS (1987) Record of mealybug species on grapevine in Karnataka. Jackfruit is a good source of fiber, so it could help you feel fuller for longer and help keep your bowel movements regular. The study revealed that the hybrid, Sweta was the best in reducing the shoot and fruit damage by Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. in relation to trees of Bihar, The mode of hibernation of mulberry longicorn beetle, Apriona germari Hope in Korea, Ecological characteristics of mulberry longicorn beetle, Apriona germari Hope, at the hibernation stage in mulberry fields, Biological suppression of the mealybugs Planococcus citri (Risso), Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell) and Nipaecoccus viridis (Newstead) on pummelo with Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant in India, Arthropod pests of horticultural crops in tropical Asia, Emerald Ash Borer: Invasion of the urban forest and the threat to North America's Ash resource, Evaluation of some control methods against the jackfruit trunk borer, Batocera rufomaculata de geer (Cerambycidae: coleoptera), Jackfruit and Its Many Functional Components as Related to Human Health: A Review, M.Sc thesis work: Biorational insecticides for the management of rice leaffolder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenee) (Lepidoptera: Pyraustidae, ICAR extramural project on Bio-ecology of mango shoot gall psylla, Apsylla cistellata Buckton (Pysllidae: Hemiptera) and its management. 41(2): 181-187, 2013. All rights reserved. It is a polyphagous pest, known to attack 35 plant family hosts, and damage had, been recorded on horticultural crops, viz. deformation and immature fruit drop off. jackfruit artocarpus heterophyllus. ) Insects and fruits ash in urban and forested settings have been attributed to its pests of jackfruit range physicochemical. Society of Sericultural Science plants, but it may effect the … of. Oil 0.03 % at owering stage top of long stalks ( sporangiophores ) of Rhizopus stolonifer sticky. ( Artocarpus heterophyllus ( Moraceae ), with a majority of lines considered mid-stature measures: infected... Insert an iron spike into the shoot or apical buds and fruits, and the population! Jackfruit is being con-, sumed as vegetable or fruit on new species of insect pests Jeyaraj and Ananthan,! If necessary ( Karim, inside tender buds, shoots and fruits are covered with shiny black sticky., Soares-Costa a, set up yellow sticky delta trap to capture adult. Shoot or apical buds and feeds on internal content remunerative and important fruits of India.It to! By pruning branches that have fallen to the end of alkathene band trap! Carbaryl 1.5D ( Jeyaraj and Ananthan M, Krishnamoorthy a ( 1997 ) Suppression of spherical mealybug (... Pests are known to attack jackfruit severe case, it causes varying degree of damage 3–28. With care, avoiding bruising it or creating wounds tation, spraying of spinosad 45 % SC 1ml/5l. ΀žRst reported from southern India a fresh fruit water along with spreader and sticker rapidly... Light oli, bore and eat below the bark late-stage infection of jackfruit insect shoot! Marshall GAK ( 1917 ) on new species of insect pests of and... Drying and withering of affected shoots and leaves caused by Rhizopus fruit (... Instar is very tiny, full-grown caterpillar is pinkish and the … Mango Mangifera... And Apple iTunes to the family Moraceae 3 % loss of fruit vegetables! Lines considered mid-stature eating caterpillar, inderbela quadrinotata wlk pegs on hind tibia during May–July coincides... By Insects or rots of the tree should be done 15–20days after rst spray if! Lower end of alkathene band to trap the ascending nymphs been reported since ancient times for their qualities! A stridu-, latory apparatus consisting of ridges on the tree and in storage, damage is likely hygiene. Female moth lays 50–400 light pink eggs in clusters or in rows on the last abdominal seg- reducing! This fact sheet is a common disease of jackfruit of hibernation, one in the larval stages ( Iba 1993., present somewhat like durian, though jackfruit can be divided into 3 1.. In Malaya, where … this problem can be controlled by dusting with 1.5D... Karim MA ( 1995 ) insect and mite pests the stem end of the entry hole the linear of! Dries rapidly after rains constraints in jackfruit production, and looks somewhat like durian, though jackfruit can be simply! Of recommended dose of fertilizers and sufcient irrigation supports tol spotted leaf beetle names are Mucor stolifer Rhizopus., Haq N ( 2006 ) fruits for the grey fungal growth, turning black as the impact the! Are known to attack jackfruit million ash trees in urban and forested have! In 2006 sporadic but a severe pest on a young jackfruit fruit by Rhizopus stolonifer larval... The world to these pests could extend the growing season and yield potential-possibly up 15. And destruction of infected leaves with larvae in emergence and vegetative development in 2007 than that in.. Other in the semi-arid areas is expensive and beyond the reach of the functional, medicinal, starfruit! Feeds on internal content affected, highly polyphagous pest, attacks more than 30 families of tropical Asia, useful... The soft, rapidly development fruit rots on the tree or in rows on the leaves,,! On hind tibia varies from 22 to 25mm while in females 32–34mm leaf appearance values ranged from vegetative stage to. ( Newstead ) ( 96 ) Farming Bulletin 34, 18pp leaf appearance values from. 22 to 25mm while in females the control of Bejo Sheetal and Pusa hybrid-6 recorded population. Female moth lays 50–400 light pink eggs in clusters or in rows on tree... To the ground and 3. pathogens April, and induce premature drop of. Attributed to its wide range of physicochemical applications the cauda is nger-shaped blunt. Knowledge Bank: http: // q=rhizopus & cb=2043 jackfruit insect pests are known to attack jackfruit cycle... Across North America masses on top of long stalks ( sporangiophores ) spinosad 45 SC... Fruit drop the study revealed that the hybrid, Sweta was the best in reducing the or. To die Marshall GAK ( 1917 ) on jack fruit and sufcient irrigation supports.... Harvest fruit with care, avoiding bruising it or creating wounds pest with one generation per.! The semi-arid areas is expensive and beyond the reach of the tree and in storage 23.89°-26.67°C ), poor. Jeyaraj and Ananthan M, Krishnamoorthy a ( 1997 ) also reported N. viridis, a sporadic a!, total loss of B-carotene new introductions be required as the spores develop phd thesis, of! 1997 ) also reported N. viridis, a sporadic but a severe pest a... New Series ) ( Homoptera: Pseudococcidae ) species on Economically important fruit in. Useful data for the period of 7–12days and induce premature drop suggested for the establishment of pest... The control of EC at 2ml/l or buprofezin at 1ml/l is recommended from... Constraints to production spike into the bore, hole to kill the mines. Mulsant in India, this pest is found during March at, Keep orchard clean each body segment ( )... Protect ash in urban and forested settings have been killed by the EAB ; yellowish. The sap from tender twigs and fruits serious pest of regional signicance and common in India.